Committed partners needed for Somalia, South Sudan, Nigeria, and Yemen
New York (PalmettoTimes) – President Trump’s Ambassador to the United Nations called the numerous crises rocking the African Continent a ‘collective failure’ of world leadership. Nikki Haley, who is the former governor of South Carolina, puts the blame for the crises in Africa on world leaders.
She expects that news from crises torn countries should be the one topping the headlines of our papers. She talked about the crises in countries like Somalia, South Sudan, Nigeria, and Yemen.
Although there have been consistent calls for the provision of help to African countries, the continent has found it difficult to find a committed partner in development.
On July 8, the United Stated announced that it would provide an additional $446 million for humanitarian assistance in the continent. This brings the total number to about $1.4 billion. This amount is 30% of the $4.4 million the United Nation appealed for to aid the continent.
A coalition of aid organizations, and big companies like Google and Visa, are working towards raising funds to fill up the remaining gap.
If world leaders decide to tackle Africa’s problems, these are some of the major crises driven countries they have to focus on.
Somalia is a country that has been through decades of crisis. The country has a weak central government that makes the country a fertile ground for Al Qaeda linked Al-Shabaab.
Somalia is a country that is quite used to experiencing famines that are ignored by the rest of the world. In 2011, a mass farming killed about 258,000 people because the authorities ignored warnings of the famine.
The U.S doesn’t have a diplomatic presence in Somalia. It withdrew all its troops and diplomats from the country when a Black Hawk was downed there in 1993. The U.S ambassador to Somalia presently stays in Nairobi, Kenya. Although, the U.S has pledged to open a facility in Mogadishu.
The major cause of Somalia’s famine is drought. The famine has left an estimated 1.7 million people in need of aid in the Puntland and Somaliland regions of the country. However, aid workers are finding it difficult to access those in need because of frequent attacks by Al Shabaab.
South Sudan is the newest country in the world, gaining independence from Sudan in 2011. But since its independence, it has been marred by infighting among ethnic lines. A disagreement between President Salva Kiir and Vice President Riek Machar has degenerated into a crises that has taken the lives of thousands.
The security situation has made it a precarious situation for aid agencies. In March this year, about seven of them were killed in an attack on a vehicle that was clearly marked as belonging to an aid organisation. In 2016, an attack on a humanitarian compound saw the rape of five foreign aid workers and the killing of their local colleague.
In all, the conflict has made more than 3.5 million people flee their homes and has killed tens of thousands. An urgent response helped to prevent famine early this year but there are fears that there might be a recurrence of the famine.
Democratic Republic of Congo
Although war in the Democratic republic of Congo officially ended in 2002, the country has seen repeated violence and political instability. The country hosts a UN peace keeping force of more than 22,000 people.
The recent violence is due to the fact that the leader of Congo, Joseph Kabila, refused to step down after the end of his tenure last year. He said the reason he did this was because the Congo could not afford to conduct an election.
Nikki Haley has decried the country’s bid to seat on Africa’s Human Rights Council as the inexcusable failure of the continent to promote nations that value and respect human rights.